Anna - 23 listopada 2019
SHORT HISTORY OF THANKSGIVING
AND ITS BASIC SYMBOLS
The prototype of today's American Thanksgiving was a feast after the first corn harvest, which prepared the Pilgrims in 1621.
A group (102 people) of religious separatists (today called Pilgrims), looking for a new home where they could practice their faith freely, and a few people, lured by the promise of prosperity and their own land in the New World, came on a Mayflower ship from English Plymouth to the shores of the current state Massachusetts. Winter at the time was not kind to them. Although they changed the ship into a temporary home, after a few months - sick and malnourished - they decided to go ashore and slowly start work on establishing a housing estate ... Plymouth.
With good advice, food, all help came the Abenaki Indians formerly lived in this area. They also introduced the English-speaking Squanto, a member of the Pawtuxet tribe (he was kidnapped and sold into slavery by an English captain), who taught Pilgrims to grow corn, collect maple tree juice, fish in rivers, avoid poisonous plants ... Squanto also helped settlers to form an alliance with the local Wampanoag tribe.
he joy was great when the first crops were harvested in November 1621. Governor newly established settlements in Plymouth, William Bradford organized a three-day feast, which also invited a group from the Wampanoag tribe. Given the dishes of the makeshift table cooked by Indian as well as Indian spices used, after all, the European larder practically no longer existed. Roast birds and game dishes complemented with beans, corn, pumpkin ... ran out of cakes and desserts; appeared on more modern tables, a hundred or more years later.
The first government proclamation of Thanksgiving was issued by George Washington (1789), calling on the Americans to express their gratitude for the successful ending of the war for independence and the successful ratification of the US Constitution. Not all states have accepted this feast, half political and half family.
After years of struggle and pleading to commemorate the events of 1621, America was proclaimed the annual national holiday on the last Thursday of November. The decision to Thanksgiving signed in 1863 by Abraham Lincoln himself.
We celebrate today, enjoying a tasty turkey, with the addition of sophisticated stuffing, mashed potatoes, sweet desserts with the addition of pumpkin, sweet potato amazing, served as a dessert or a delicious cranberry sauce ...
In a few days, as every year, we will sit down to a common family table to celebrate the largest secular holiday in the United States. Instead of a cornucopia, which for technical reasons does not convey all I can, exchange it in abundance regulations easy, tasty and pleasant, offering variety to the annual dinner menu. I wish you all great taste sensations, a wonderful family dinner, and plenty of it all year round!
A wicker basket in the form of a horn, filled with fruit, vegetables, grain, is a symbol of fertility and abundance ... It appeared in America with Columbus, maybe a little later, but in Europe, it has been known for centuries from Greek mythology.
As says one of the Greek myths, the infant Zeus was hidden in a cave before his father Cronus. The baby was looked after and fed by her own milk, the magic goat Amaltea, whose horn was accidentally knocked off. To make up for it, Zeus promised that the corner of Amaltea would always be filled with whatever her heart desires. Ancient Greeks associated the cornucopia (cornucopia - Latin name) with fertility, happiness and wealth ... This symbolism has remained to this day. And this is what we pass on to others, giving them all goods and flowers placed in a wicker corner.
Corn was the basic meal of the first adoption of thanksgiving. Members of the tribe Pawtuxet (Indians living in the seventeenth century the area of New England) taught English religious separatists planted corn on barren land, betraying them to their agricultural experience. The first harvest of plump corn was an incentive to continue farming and to celebrate the harvest. Specific harvest festivals gave rise to later celebrations of the Thanksgiving family holiday.
Pumpkin is one of the strangest fruits growing from a flower. Her health values are fantastic, both orange pulp and seeds (large amount of zinc). Most likely, that's why it has become a symbol of male power and a form of reward from nature for the winter months, after all, it ripens only in the fall. It is also supposedly a symbol of openness to new challenges.
Pilgrims from Massachusetts were also taught to grow beans, stalking upwards with stalks of yellow sweet grains. This is one of the "three sisters" - corn and pumpkin next. These three plants form the basis of Indian meals. And as it turned out - rightly so. This "sister" combination has an optimal ratio of carbohydrates, excellent proteins, and vitamins. And by adding a few cumin seeds, we will be able to deal with bean delicacies at the holiday table with impunity. I am not a supporter of brown beans in brown sugar - an American delicacy - but "eyes" beans in Indian style and herbs are delicious ...
There is no thanksgiving dinner without roast turkey. This is the main dish of a holiday, cut by the Lord or Lady of the house. Usually, it is also a hostess dish, which watches over the time and temperature of baking the previously prepared bird with a fan-shaped tail.
Today's farmed turkey is a reminder of the "four wild turkeys" served in the XVII century during the alleged first thanksgiving dinner, although there is no historical evidence that the turkeys were indeed part of the joint "harvesting" of pilgrims and Indians.
It is not important whether in the XVII century was known cranberries. We know it today, admire its properties, tart flavor ... and we can not imagine without a roast turkey cranberry sauce! It can be with oranges, apples, pears, without additions ... So I will give a few of my recipes with cranberry in the lead role.
Thanksgiving on the table